Abbasi F, Onodera H, Toki S, Tanaka H, Komatsu S. 2004. OsCDPK13, a calcium-dependent protein kinase gene from rice, is induced by cold and gibberellin in rice leaf sheath. Plant Molecular Biology 55: 541-552**

Alabadi D, Gil J, Blazquez MA, Garcia-Martinez JL. 2004. Gibberellins repress photomorphogenesis in darkness. Plant Physiology 134: 1050-1057**

Amzallag NG. 2004. Brassinosteroid: a modulator of the developmental window for salt-adaptation in Sorghum bicolor. Israel Journal of Plant Sciences 52: 1-8

Antonchick AP, Schneider B, Zhabinskii VN, Khripach VA. 2004. Synthesis of 26,27-2H6 brassinosteroids from 23,24-bisnorcholenic acid methyl ester. Steroids 69: 617-628**

Asami T, Oh K, Jikumaru Y, Shimada Y, Kaneko I, Nakano T, Takatsuto S, Fujioka S, Yoshida S. 2004. A mammalian steroid action inhibitor spironolactone retards plant growth by inhibition of brassinosteroid action and induces light-induced gene expression in the dark. Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology 91: 41-47**

Back TG, Bey MA, Parvez M, Pharis RP. 2004. Enantioselective synthesis of the individual stereoisomers of a brassinolide mimetic. Tetrahedron Asymmetry 15: 873-880**

Baiguz A, Asami T. 2004. Brassinosteroids are required for normal growth of Chlorella vulgaris. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 26(Supplement): 19-20

Bajguz A, Asami T. 2004. Effects of brassinazole, an inhibitor of brassinosteroid biosynthesis, on light- and dark-grown Chlorella vulgaris. Planta 218: 869-877**

Bajguz A, Dinan L. 2004. Effects of ecdysteroids on Chlorella vulgaris. Physiologia Plantarum 121: 349-357**

Bajguz A, Godlewska-Zykiewlu B. 2004. Protective role of 20-hydroxyecdysone against lead stress in Chlorella vulgaris cultures. Phytochemistry 65: 711-720**

Bao F, Shen J, Brady SR, Muday GK, Asami T, Yang Z. 2004. Brassinosteroids interact with auxin to promote lateral root development in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 134: 1624-1631**

Bao F, Shen J, Brady SR, Muday GK, Asami T, Yang Z. 2004. Brassinosteroids interact with auxin to promote lateral root development in Arabidopsis. [Erratum]. Plant Physiology 135: 1864-1864+

Benveniste P. 2004. Biosynthesis and accumulation of sterols. Annual Review of Plant Biology 55: 429-457**

Berger S, Papadopoulos M, Schreiber U, Kaiser W, Roitsch T. 2004. Complex regulation of gene expression, photosynthesis and sugar levels by pathogen infection in tomato. Physiologia Plantarum 122: 419-428**

Beuning LL, Bowen JH, Persson HA, Barraclough D, Bulley S, MacRae EA. 2004. Characterization of Mal d 1-related genes in Malus. Plant Molecular Biology 55: 369-388**

Bhat ZA, Srihari D, Reddy YN. 2004. Effect of new generation growth regulators brassinosteroid and CPPU along with benzyladenine on quality of seedless grape cv. Flame seedless for export. Environment and Ecology 22: 52-55

Bhat ZA, Srihari D, Reddy YN. 2004. Influence of brassinosteroid and CPPU alongwith BA on brix: Acid ratio and brix yield in grape cv. Flame Seedless. Annals of Biology (Hisar, India) 20: 75-77

Brocard-Gifford I, Lynch TJ, Garcia ME, Malhotra B, Finkelstein RR. 2004. The Arabidopsis thaliana ABSCISIC ACID-INSENSITIVE8 locus encodes a novel protein mediating abscisic acid and sugar responses essential for growth. Plant Cell 16: 406-421**

Brosa C, Amoros M, Molist M, Hernandez X. 2004. New brassinosteroid analogs having nitrogenated functionalities at C3 to provide more information about the brassinosteroid-receptor interaction. Tetrahedron 60: 8529-8534**

Cai C. 2004. Analytical method of brassinolide and part of intermediate products content by HPLC. Guangdong Huagong 31: 29-31

Cańo-Delgado A, Yin Y, Yu C, Vafeados D, Mora-Garcia S, Cheng J-C, Nam KH, Li J, Chory J. 2004. BRL1 and BRL3 are novel brassinosteroid receptors that function in vascular differentiation in Arabidopsis. Development 131: 5341-5351**

Castro PRC, Cato SC. 2004. Action of brassinolide and triacontanol on 'Conquista' soybean productivity. Revista de Agricultura (Piracicaba, Brazil) 79: 335-340

Chang SC, Kim YS, Lee JY, Kaufman PB, Kirakosyan A, Yun HS, Kim TW, Kim SY, Cho MH, Lee JS, Kim SK. 2004. Brassinolide interacts with auxin and ethylene in the root gravitropic response of maize (Zea mays). Physiologia Plantarum 121: 666-673**

Chen JG, Pandey S, Huang J, Alonso JM, Ecker JR, Assmann SM, Jones AM. 2004. GCR1 can act independently of heterotrimeric G-protein in response to brassinosteroids and gibberellins in Arabidopsis seed germination. Plant Physiology 135: 907-915**

Cheng Y, Dai X, Zhao Y. 2004. AtCAND1, a HEAT-repeat protein that participates in auxin signaling in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 135: 1020-1026**

Coll-Garcia D, Mazuch J, Altmann T, Mussig C. 2004. EXORDIUM regulates brassinosteroid-responsive genes. FEBS Letters 563: 82-86**

Darnet S, Rahier A. 2004. Plant sterol biosynthesis: identification of two distinct families of sterol 4a-methyl oxidases. Biochemical Journal 378: 889-898**

Davidson S, Smith J, Helliwell C, Poole A, Reid J. 2004. The pea gene LH encodes ent-kaurene oxidase. Plant Physiology 134: 1123-1134**

Diévart A, Clark S. 2004. LRR-containing receptors regulating plant development and defense. Development 131: 251-261**

Ding J, Shi S, Jiang BH, Yang YH, Huang J, Shen HG, Xia K, Zhang JF, Jiang XQ. 2004. Effects of methyl jasmonate with indole-3-acetic acid and 6-benzylaminopurine on the secondary metabolism of cultured Onosma paniculatum cells. In Vitro Cellular & Developmental Biology-Plant 40: 581-585

Domagalska M, Schomburg FM, Millar AJ, Amasino RM, Vierstra RM, Nagy F, Davis SJ. 2004. Enhancers of luminidependens define a role for brassinosteroids in floral promotion. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 26(Supplement): 30-30

Dong Y, Zhang J, Wang Y, Zhang J, Chen S. 2004. Phylogenetic analysis of receptor-like kinases from rice. Acta Botanica Sinica 46: 647-654**

Fan N, Li Y, Zhou Q, Chen G. 2004. Enhanced ergosterol production by recombinant Saccharomyces cerevisiae 1190 harboring Vitreoscilla hemoglobin gene (vgb). Shengwu Gongcheng Xuebao 20: 441-444

Fariduddin Q, Ahmad A, Hayat S. 2004. Responses of Vigna radiata to foliar application of 28-homobrassinolide and kinetin. Biologia Plantarum 48: 465-468**

Fedina EO, Karimova FG, Chechetkin IR, Tarchevsky IA, Khripach VA. 2004. Contribution of lipoxygenase metabolism to the brassinosteroid signaling pathway. Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics 395: 80-83**

Fedina EO, Tarchevsky IA, Chechetkin IR, Karimova FG. 2004. The "switching on" of lipoxygenase signaling system by brassinosteroid (24-epibrassinolide) in pea leaves. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 26(Supplement):  26-27

Friebe A. 2004. Brassinosteroids in induced resistance and induction of tolerances to abiotic stress in plants. Abstracts of Papers of the American Chemical Society 227: U32-U32

Fujioka S. 2004. Biosynthesis and metabolism of brassinosteroids. Shokubutsu Saibo Kogaku Shirizu 20: 166-175, 126, 161 Plate

Fukuda H. 2004. Signals that control plant vascular cell differentiation. Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology 5: 379-391**

Fukuta N, Fujioka S, Takatsuto S, Yoshida S, Fukuta Y, Nakayama M. 2004. 'Rinrei', a brassinosteroid-deficient dwarf mutant of faba bean (Vicia faba). Physiologia Plantarum 121: 506-512**

Goda H, Sawa S, Asami T, Fujioka S, Shimada Y, Yoshida S. 2004. Comprehensive comparison of auxin-regulated and brassinosteroid-regulated genes in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 134: 1555-1573**

Goda H, Shimada Y, Fujioka S, Yoshida S. 2004. Classification of brassinosteroid-regulated genes based on expression profiles in bri1 and in response to a protein kinase inhibitor, staurosporin. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 68: 1605-1607**

Golovatskaya IF. 2004. Effect of ecdysterone on morphological and physiological processes in plants. Russian Journal of Plant Physiology 51: 407-413**

Goring D, Walker J. 2004. Self-rejection: a new kinase connection. Science 303: 1474-1475**

Gupta D, Bhardwaj R, Nagar PK, Kaur S. 2004. Isolation and characterization of brassinosteroids from leaves of Camellia sinensis (L.) O. Kuntze. Plant Growth Regulation 43: 97-100**

Halliday KJ. 2004. Plant hormones: the interplay of brassinosteroids and auxin. Current Biology 14: R1008-R1010**

Hirabayashi S, Matsushita Y, Sato M, Oh IR, Kasahara M, Abe H, Nyunoya H. 2004. Two proton pump interactors identified from a direct phosphorylation screening of a rice cDNA library by using a recombinant BRI1 receptor kinase. Plant Biotechnology (Tokyo, Japan) 21: 35-45**

Hong Z, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Fujioka S, Ashikari M, Kitano H, Matsuoka M. 2004. Charaterization of a rice semi-dwarf brassinosteroid-related mutant, Osdim. Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 336-336

Hong Z, Ueguchi-Tanaka M, Matsuoka M. 2004. Brassinosteroids and rice architecture. Journal of Pesticide Science 29: 184-188**

Hu YX, Wang YH, Liu XF, Li JY. 2004. Arabidopsis RAV1 is down-regulated by brassinosteroid and may act as a negative regulator during plant development. Cell Research 14: 8-15**

Ito Y, Tokunaga N, Sato Y, Fukuda H. 2004. Transfer of phenylpropanoids via the medium between xylem cells in Zinnia xylogenic culture. Plant Biotechnology (Tokyo, Japan) 21: 205-213, 201 plate**

Kanda S, Nakano T, Kobayashi M, Seki M, Sakuta M, Shinozaki K, Yoshida S, Asami T. 2004. Analysis of brassinosteroid signalling mutant that related to chloroplast development. Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 739-739

Kim TW, Chang SC, Lee JS, Hwang B, Takatsuto S, Yokota T, Kim SK. 2004. Cytochrome P450-catalyzed brassinosteroid pathway activation through synthesis of castasterone and brassinolide in Phaseolus vulgaris. Phytochemistry 65: 679-689**

Kim TW, Chung WS, Kim YS, Kim SK. 2004. 6-Deoxocastasterone and its biosynthetic precursors from primary roots of maize. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society 25: 1099-1102**

Kim TW, Park HH, Kim SK. 2004. Cell-free conversion of castasterone in cultured cells of Phaseolus vulgaris and Marchantia polymorpha. Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society 25: 955-956**

Kim TW, Soo CC, Lee JS, Takatsuto S, Yokota T, Kim SK. 2004. Novel biosynthetic pathway of castasterone from cholesterol in tomato. Plant Physiology 135: 1231-1242**

Klein M, Papenbrock J. 2004. The multi-protein family of Arabidopsis sulphotransferases and their relatives in other plant species. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 1809-1820**

Knowles CL, Koutoulis A, Reid JB. 2004. Microtubule orientation in the brassinosteroid mutants lk, lka and lkb of pea. Journal of Plant Growth Regulation 23: 146-155**

Laxmi A, Paul LK, Peters JL, Khurana JP. 2004. Arabidopsis constitutive photomorphogenic mutant, bls1, displays altered brassinosteroid response and sugar sensitivity. Plant Molecular Biology 56: 185-201**

Lebedeva OV, Sklyarova OA, Ezhova TA. 2004. The roles of the NANA and LEPIDA genes in regulating the stem growth in Arabidopsis thaliana. Russian Journal of Genetics 40: 764-771**

Li D, Mao B, Li J, Chen W, He Z. 2004. Construction of a brassinosteroids supersensitive chimeric receptor and rice transformation. Zhejiang Daxue Xuebao, Nongye Yu Shengming Kexueban 30: 482-486

Li KR, Wang HH. 2004. Effect of natural brassinolide on seed germination and hypocotyl elongation of Platycladus orientalis. Shaanxi Shifan Daxue Xuebao, Ziran Kexueban 32: 84-86

Lin WH, Ye R, Ma H, Xu ZH, Xue HW. 2004. DNA chip-based expression profile analysis indicates involvement of the phosphatidylinositol signaling pathway in multiple plant responses to hormone and abiotic treatments. Cell Research 14: 34-45**

Lorences EP. 2004. Cell wall xyloglucan incorporation by xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolase in pine hypocotyls. Plant Science (Amsterdam, Netherlands) 166: 1269-1274**

Magome H, Yamaguchi S, Hanada A, Kamiya Y, Oda K. 2004. dwarf and delayed-flowering 1, a novel Arabidopsis mutant deficient in gibberellin biosynthesis because of overexpression of a putative AP2 transcription factor. The Plant Journal 37: 720-729**

Magyar A, Szendi Z, Forgo P, Mak M, Gorls H, Sweet F. 2004. Stereoselective reactions of (20R)-3,20-dihydroxy-(3',4'-dihydro-2'H-pyranyl)-5-pregnene derivatives from 27-nor-3,20,23,26-tetrahydroxy-cholesten-22-ones and related bromo ketones. Steroids 69: 35-42**

Maia NB, Bovi OA, Zullo MAT, Perecin MB, Granja NP, Carmello QAC, Robaina C, Coll F. 2004. Hydroponic cultivation of mint and vetiver with spirostane analogues of brassinosteroids. Acta Horticulturae 644: 55-59

Marsolais F, Sebastia CH, Rousseau A, Varin L. 2004. Molecular and biochemical characterization of BNST4, an ethanol-inducible steroid sulfotransferase from Brassica napus, and regulation of BNST genes by chemical stress and during development. Plant Science 166: 1359-1370**

Mazorra LM, Nunez M, Napoles MC, Yoshida S, Robaina C, Coll F, Asami T. 2004. Effects of structural analogs of brassinosteroids on the recovery of growth inhibition by a specific brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibitor. Plant Growth Regulation 44: 183-185**

Mei TS, Peng LZ, Zhang T, Li YL. 2004. A concise and stereoselective synthesis of the cathasterone's side chain. Chinese Chemical Letters 15: 762-764**

Michelini FM, Ramirez JA, Berra A, Galagovsky LR, Alche LE. 2004. In vitro and in vivo antiherpetic activity of three new synthetic brassinosteroid analogues. Steroids 69: 713-720**

Mockaitis K, Estelle M. 2004. Integrating transcriptional controls for plant cell expansion. Genome Biology 5: 245**

Mora-Garcia S, Vert G, Yin Y, Cano-Delgado A, Cheong H, Chory J. 2004. Nuclear protein phosphatases with Kelch-repeat domains modulate the response to brassinosteroids in Arabidopsis. Genes & Development 18: 448-460**

Mori M. 2004. Biosynthesis and signaling of brassinosteroids. Advances in Plant Physiology 7: 155-174, 154 plates

Motose H, Fukuda H. 2004. Signal molecules regulating plant vascular development. Shokubutsu no Seicho Chosetsu 39: 50-57

Muto H, Yabe N, Asami T, Hasunuma K, Yamamoto KT. 2004. Overexpression of constitutive differential growth 1 gene, which encodes a RLCKVII-subfamily protein kinase, causes abnormal differential and elongation growth after organ differentiation in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 136: 3124-3133**

Nagata N, Asami T, Yoshida S. 2004. Photomorphogenesis in brassinosteroid deficiency. Shokubutsu no Seicho Chosetsu 39: 120-126

Nakamura A, Goda H, Hayashi K, Shimada Y, Asami T, Yoshida S. Crosstalk of brassinosteroid- and auxin-signaling pathways in Arabidopsis. I; an analysis of the crosstalk point. Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 340-340

Nakamura A, Goda H, Nakajima N, Shimada Y, Fujioka S, Yoshida S. 2004. Crosstalk of brassinosteroid- and auxin-signaling pathways in Arabidopsis. II; IAA proteins are involved in BR-signaling pathway. Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 341-341

Nakamura A, Goda H, Shimada Y, Yoshida S. 2004. Brassinosteroid selectively regulates PIN gene expression in Arabidopsis. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 68: 952-954**

Nakano T, Asami T. 2004. Steroid hormones in plants: brassinosteroids. Kagaku to Seibutsu 42: 752-757

Nakano T, Sato T, Yin Y, Kiuchi R, Fujioka S, Yoshida S, Chory J, Asami T. 2004. Analysis of brassinosteroid signaling mutant [I]bil[/I] ([I]Brz-insensitive-long hypocotyls[/I]). Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 339-339

Nakashita H, Yasuda M, Asami T, Yoshida S. 2004. Studies on the mechanism of brassinosteroid-mediated disease resistance in Arabidopsis. Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 636-636

Nakashita H, Yasuda M. 2004. Roles of phytohormones in systemically induced disease resistance. Shokubutsu no Seicho Chosetsu 39: 203-213

Nakashita H. 2004. Regulation of disease resistance by plant hormones. Shokubutsu Saibo Kogaku Shirizu 19: 147-149

Nam KH, Li J. 2004. The Arabidopsis transthyretin-like protein is a potential substrate of BRASSINOSTEROID-INSENSITIVE 1. Plant Cell 16: 2406-2417**

Napier R. 2004. Plant hormone binding sites. Annals of Botany 93: 227-233**

Nelson DR, Schuler MA, Paquette SM, Werck-Reichhart D, Bak S. 2004. Comparative genomics of rice and Arabidopsis. Analysis of 727 cytochrome P450 genes and pseudogenes from a monocot and a dicot. Plant Physiology 135: 756-772**

Nemhauser JL, Chory J. 2004. BRing it on: new insights into the mechanism of brassinosteroid action. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 265-270**

Nemhauser JL, Mockler TC, Chory J. 2004. Interdependency of brassinosteroid and auxin signaling in Arabidopsis. PLoS Biology 2: 1460-1471**

Nomura T, Jager CE, Kitasaka Y, Takeuchi K, Fukami M, Yoneyama K, Matsushita Y, Nyunoya H, Takatsuto S, Fujioka S, Smith JJ, Kerckhoffs LHJ, Reid JB, Yokota T. 2004. Brassinosteroid deficiency due to truncated steroid 5a-reductase causes dwarfism in the lk mutant of pea. Plant Physiology 135: 2220-2229**

Norman A, Mizwicki M, Norman D. 2004. Steroid-hormone rapid actions, membrane receptors and a conformational ensemble model. Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 3: 27-41**

Nunez M, Siqueira WJ, Hernandez M, Zullo MAT, Robaina C, Coll F. 2004. Effect of spirostane analogues of brassinosteroids on callus formation and plant regeneration in lettuce (Lactuca sativa). Plant Cell Tissue and Organ Culture 78: 97-99**

Oguchi K, Tanaka N, Komatsu S, Akao S. 2004. Characterization of NADPH-dependent oxidoreductase induced by auxin in rice. Physiologia Plantarum 121: 124-131**

Oguchi K, Tanaka N, Komatsu S, Akao S. 2004. Methylmalonate-semialdehyde dehydrogenase is induced in auxin-stimulated and zinc-stimulated root formation in rice. Plant Cell Reports 22: 848-858**

Ohri P, Kaur S, Khurma UR, Bhardwaj R, Sohal SK. 2004. Effect of brassinolide on development of Meloidogyne incognita in Raphanus sativus L. plants. Indian Journal of Nematology 34: 165-168

Özdemir F, Bor M, Demiral T, Türkan I. 2004. Effects of 24-epibrassinolide on seed germination, seedling growth, lipid peroxidation, proline content and antioxidative system of rice (Oryza sativa L.) under salinity stress. Plant Growth Regulation 42: 203-211**

Peng J, Tang X, Feng H. 2004. Effects of brassinolide on the physiological properties of litchi pericarp (Litchi chinensis cv. nuomoci). Scientia Horticulturae  101: 407-416**

Peng L, Zhang T, Mei T, Li Y. 2004. Syn-anti epimerization of aldols by aldolate dianions. New Journal of Chemistry 28: 11-11**

Perez-Perez JM, Ponce MR, Micol JL. 2004. The ULTRACURVATA2 gene of Arabidopsis encodes an FK506-binding protein involved in auxin and brassinosteroid signaling. Plant Physiology 134: 101-117**

Prusakova LD, Kolotovkina YB, Azarkovich MI, Khripach VA. 2004. Epibrassinolide treatment changes the polypeptide composition of buckwheat fruits. Doklady Biochemistry and Biophysics 397: 232-234**

Ramirez-Chavez E, Lopez-Bucio J, Herrera-Estrella L, Molina-Torres J. 2004. Alkamides isolated from plants promote growth and alter root development in Arabidopsis. Plant Physiology 134: 1058-1068**

Rivera DG, Coll F, Leon F. 2004. Synthesis of pregnane ketols as metabolic precursors of analogues of plant growth regulators. Journal of Chemical Research S 284-285

Rivera DG, Pando O, Leliebre-Lara V, Coll D, Leon F, Coll F. 2004. Synthesis of spirostanic analogues of brassinosteroids via homogeneous permanganate dihydroxylation. Journal of Chemical Research S 53-54

Russinova E, Borst JW, Kwaaitaal M, Cańo-Delgado A, Yin Y, Chory J, de Vries SC. 2004. Heterodimerization and endocytosis of Arabidopsis brassinosteroid receptors BRI1 and AtSERK3 (BAK1). Plant Cell 16: 3216-3229**

Saevenstrand H, Brosche M, Strid A. 2004. Ultraviolet-B signalling: Arabidopsis brassinosteroid mutants are defective in UV-B regulated defence gene expression. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 42: 687-694**

Saisho D, Tanno KI, Chono M, Honda I, Kitano H, Takeda K. 2004. Spontaneous brassinolide-insensitive barley mutants 'uzu' adapted to East Asia. Breeding Science 54: 409-416**

Saito S, Hirai N, Matsumoto C, Ohigashi H, Ohta D, Sakata K, Mizutani M. 2004. Arabidopsis CYP707As encode (+)-abscisic acid 8'-hydroxylase, a key enzyme in the oxidative catabolism of abscisic acid. Plant Physiology 134: 1439-1449**

Sakagami Y. 2004. A novel peptide plant cell growth factor, phytosulfokine. Nippon Nogei Kagaku Kaishi 78: 100-105

Sanchez MA, Mateos I, Labrador E, Dopico B. 2004. Brassinolides and IAA induce the transcription of four a-expansin genes related to development in Cicer arietinum. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 42: 709-716**

Schaller H. 2004. New aspects of sterol biosynthesis in growth and development of higher plants. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 42: 465-476**

Schrick K, Fujioka S, Takatsuto S, Stierhof YD, Stransky H, Yoshida S, Jurgens G. 2004. A link between sterol biosynthesis, the cell wall, and cellulose in Arabidopsis. Plant Journal 38: 227-243**

Sebastia CH, Hardin SC, Clouse SD, Kieber JJ, Huber SC. 2004. Identification of a new motif for CDPK phosphorylation in vitro that suggests ACC synthase may be a CDPK substrate. Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 428: 81-91**

Sharma HC, Pampapathy G. 2004. Effect of natural plant products, brassinolide, and host plant resistance in combination with insecticides on Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner) damage in pigeon pea. Indian Journal of Plant Protection 32: 40-44

Shibuya M, Adachi S, Ebizuka Y. 2004. Cucurbitadienol synthase, the first committed enzyme for cucurbitacin biosynthesis, is a distinct enzyme from cycloartenol synthase for phytosterol biosynthesis. Tetrahedron 60: 6995-7003**

Shikata M, Matsuda Y, Ando K, Nishii A, Takemura M, Yokota A, Kohchi T. 2004. Characterization of Arabidopsis ZIM, a member of a novel plant-specific GATA factor gene family. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 631-639**

Shimada Y, Asami T, Yamaguchi S. 2004. Light and plant hormones. Shokubutsu no Seicho Chosetsu 39: 189-197

Shimada Y. 2004. Molecular analysis of genes involved in brassinosteroid biosynthesis and the actions of brassinosteroid as a plant hormone. Shokubutsu no Seicho Chosetsu 39: 17-22

Slavov S, van Onckelen H, Batchvarova R, Atanassov A, Prinsen E. 2004. IAA production during germination of Orobanche spp. seeds. Journal of Plant Physiology 161: 847-853**

Smith DW, Johnson KA, Bingman CA, Aceti DJ, Blommel PG, Wrobel RL, Frederick RO, Zhao Q, Sreenath H, Fox BG, Volkman BF, Jeon WB, Newman CS, Ulrich EL, Hegeman AD, Kimball T, Thao S, Sussman MR, Markley JL, Phillips GN, Jr. 2004. Crystal structure of At2g03760, a putative steroid sulfotransferase from Arabidopsis thaliana. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Bioinformatics 57: 854-857**

Souter MA, Pullen ML, Topping JF, Zhang XL, Lindsey K. 2004. Rescue of defective auxin-mediated gene expression and root meristem function by inhibition of ethylene signalling in sterol biosynthesis mutants of Arabidopsis. Planta 219: 773-783**

Sun Y, Fokar M, Asami T, Yoshida S, Allen RD. 2004. Characterization of the Brassinosteroid Insensitive 1 genes of cotton. Plant Molecular Biology 54: 221-232**

Suzuki M, Kamide Y, Nagata N, Seki H, Ohyama K, Kato H, Masuda K, Sato S, Kato T, Tabata S, Yoshida S, Muranaka T. 2004. Loss of function of 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A reductase 1 (HMG1) in Arabidopsis leads to dwarfing, early senescence and male sterility, and reduced sterol levels. Plant Journal 37: 750-761**

Suzuki T, Nakasato K, Shapiro S, Pomati F, Neilan BA. 2004. Effects of synthetic local anaesthetics on the growth of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus leopoliensis. Journal of Applied Phycology 16: 145-152**

Svatos A, Antonchick A, Schneider B. 2004. Determination of brassinosteroids in the sub-femtomolar range using dansyl-3-aminophenylboronate derivatization and electrospray mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry 18: 816-821**

Swaczynova J, Kohout L, Stmad M. 2004. Adaptation of enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa) to the determination of brassinosteroids in plant tissues. Acta Physiologiae Plantarum 26(Supplement): 28-28

Symons GM, Reid JB. 2004. Brassinosteroids do not undergo long-distance transport in pea. Implications for the regulation of endogenous brassinosteroid levels. Plant Physiology 135: 2196-2206**

Takei K, Yamaya T, Sakakibara H. 2004. Arabidopsis CYP735A1 and CYP735A2 encode cytokinin hydroxylases that catalyze the biosynthesis of trans-zeatin. Journal of Biological Chemistry 279: 41866-41872**

Takeshi N, Asami T. 2004. Brassinosteroid signaling. Shokubutsu Saibo Kogaku Shirizu 20: 176-186, 126-127, 172 Plates

Tao Y, Zheng J, Xu Z, Zhang X, Zhang K, Wang G. 2004. Functional analysis of ZmDWF1, a maize homolog of the Arabidopsis brassinosteroids biosynthetic DWF1/DIM gene. Plant Science 167: 743-751**

Terakado J, Goto S, Kuratani R, Suzuki Y, Yoshida S, Fujihara S, Yoneyama T. 2004. Systemic regulation by brassinolide on root nodule formation in super-nodulating soybean line (En6500). Plant and Cell Physiology 45(Supplement): 274-274

Torii KU. 2004. Leucine-rich repeat receptor kinases in plants: Structure, function, and signal transduction pathways. In International Review of Cytology - a Survey of Cell Biology, Vol. 234, pp. 1-46

Uesusuki S, Watanabe B, Yamamoto S, Otsuki J, Nakagawa Y, Miyagawa H. 2004. Synthesis of brassinosteroids of varying acyl side chains and evaluation of their brassinolide-like activity. Bioscience Biotechnology and Biochemistry 68: 1097-1105**

Upreti KK, Murti GSR. 2004. Effects of brassinosteroids on growth, nodulation, phytohormone content and nitrogenase activity in French bean under water stress. Biologia Plantarum 48: 407-411**

Van Norman JM, Frederick RL, Sieburth LE. 2004. BYPASS1 negatively regulates a root-derived signal that controls plant architecture. Current Biology 14: 1739-1746**

Voitovich AM, Nadzharian LA, Kotelenets AI, Afonin VI, Davydovskii AG, Ushkov AA, Gavrilenko NV. 2004. Estimation of potential mutagenic activity of 24-epibrassinolide. TSitologiia i genetika 38: 49-53

Wachsman MB, Castilla V, Talarico LB, Ramirez JA, Galagovsky LR, Coto CE. 2004. Antiherpetic mode of action of (22S,23S)-3b-bromo-5 a,22,23-trihydroxystigmastan-6-one in vitro. International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents 23: 524-526**

Wachsman MB, Ramirez JA, Talarico LB, Galagovsky LR, Coto CE. 2004. Antiviral activity of natural and synthetic brassinosteroids. Current Medicinal Chemistry: Anti-Infective Agents 3: 163-179

Wang C, You Y, Chen F, Lu X, Wang J, Wang J. 2004. Adjusting effect of brassinolide and GA4 on the orange growth. Jiangxi Nongye Daxue Xuebao 26: 759-762

Wang ZY, He JX. 2004. Brassinosteroid signal transduction: choices of signals and receptors. Trends in Plant Science 9: 91-96**

Watanabe B, Nakagawa Y, Ogura T, Miyagawa H. 2004. Stereoselective synthesis of (22R)- and (22S)-castasterone/ponasterone A hybrid compounds and evaluation of their molting hormone activity. Steroids 69: 483-493**

Watanabe B, Yamamoto S, Sasaki K, Nakagawa Y, Miyagawa H. 2004. A simple synthesis of 6-deoxoteasterone and its 20-epimer. Tetrahedron Letters 45: 2767-2769**

Werbrouck SPO, Debergh PC. 2004. Brassinosteroid biosynthesis inhibition as a side effect of the commonly used imidazole fungicide imazalil. Acta Horticulturae 636: 205-210

Wilson KS, Stoeva-Popova P, Dimaculangan D. 2004. Characterization of LpSK6: a Lycopersicon group three GSK-3/SHAGGY-like protein kinase. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 18: 20-26**

Xu QT, Liu TL, Qian K, Hu BZ, Chen RF. 2004. Dst6, a putative new allele of det2 mutant in Arabidopsis thaliana. Fudan Xuebao, Ziran Kexueban 43: 214-219

Yang G, Komatsu S. 2004. Microarray and proteomic analysis of brassinosteroid- and gibberellin-regulated gene and protein expression in rice. Genomics, Proteomics & Bioinformatics 2: 77-83**

Yang G, Komatsu S. 2004. Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel brassinolide enhanced gene OsBLE1 in Oryza sativa seedlings. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry 42: 1-6**

Yang GX, Jan A, Shen SH, Yazaki J, Ishikawa M, Shimatani Z, Kishimoto N, Kikuchi S, Matsumoto H, Komatsu S. 2004. Microarray analysis of brassinosteroids- and gibberellin-regulated gene expression in rice seedlings. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 271: 468-478**

Yang X, Ma W, Zhu Z, Huang Z, Shen Y. 2004. Plant GSKs: an emerging family with novel functions. Zhongguo Shengwu Gongcheng Zazhi 24: 23-27

Yu JQ, Huang LF, Hu WH, Zhou YH, Mao WH, Ye SF, Nogues S. 2004. A role for brassinosteroids in the regulation of photosynthesis in Cucumis sativus. Journal of Experimental Botany 55: 1135-1143**

Zenoni S, Reale L, Tornielli G, Lanfaloni L, Porceddu A, Ferrarini A, Moretti C, Zamboni A, Speghini A, Ferranti F, Pezzotti M. 2004. Downregulation of the Petunia hybrida a-expansin gene PhEXP1 reduces the amount of crystalline cellulose in cell walls and leads to phenotypic changes in petal limbs. Plant Cell 16: 295-308**

Zhang L, Yao F, Huang Z, Wu G, Wang Q, Xu J, Guan X. 2004. Formulation of TA-BR in combination with Bt and its application in tea production. Chaye Kexue 24: 219-225

Zharina IA, Deeva VP. 2004. Effects of plant growth regulators on the initial phases of growth and development of fiber flax (Linum usitatissimum elongata L.). Vestsi Natsyyanal'nai Akademii Navuk Belarusi, Seryya Biyalagichnykh Navuk: 54-57

Zhou A, Wang H, Walker JC, Li J. 2004. BRL1, a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein kinase, is functionally redundant with BRI1 in regulating Arabidopsis brassinosteroid signaling. Plant Journal 40: 399-409**

Zhu P, Liu Y. 2004. Determination of brassinolide in mixture by HPLC. Nongyao Kexue Yu Guanli 25: 7-9

Zullo MAT, Kohout L. 2004. Semisystematic nomenclature of brassinosteroids. Plant Growth Regulation 42: 15-28**









(Revised January 2012)