Abe H, Marumo S. 1991. Brassinosteroids in leaves of Distylium racemosum Sieb Et Zucc - the beginning of brassinosteroid research in Japan. ACS Symposium Series 474: 18-24

Abe H. 1991. Rice lamina inclination, endogenous levels in plant tissues and accumulation during pollen development of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 200-207

Abreu P. 1991. Brassinosteróides: um novo grupo de fito-hormonas. Química Nova 14: 44-48**

Adam G, Duke SO, Gross D. 1991. Herbicide resistance - brassinosteroids, gibberellins, plant growth regulators (Chemistry of Plant Protection, Vol. 7). Springer Verlag

Adam G, Marquardt V, Vorbrodt HM, Horhold C, Andreas W, Gartz J. 1991. Aspects of synthesis and bioactivity of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 74-85

Akihisa T, Kojima S, Yokota T, Tamura T. 1991. 24-Methylene-25-methylcholesterol and both C-24 epimers of 24-ethyl-22-dehydrocholesterol in a fresh water green alga Hydrodictyon reticulatum. Phytochemistry 30: 3621-3624

Arteca RN, Tsai DS, Mandava NB. 1991. The inhibition of brassinosteroid induced ethylene biosynthesis in etiolated mung bean hypocotyl segments by 2,3,5-triiodobenzoic acid and 2-(p-clorophenoxy)-2-methyl propionic acid. Journal of Plant Physiology 139: 52-56

Bach TJ, Roth PS, Thompson MJ. 1991. Brassinosteroids specifically inhibit growth of tobacco tumor cells. ACS Symposium Series 474: 176-188

Back TG, Blazecka PG, Krishna MV. 1991. A concise synthesis of the brassinolide side chain. Tetrahedron Letters 32: 4817-4818

Back TG, Krishna MV. 1991. Synthesis of castasterone and formal synthesis of the brassinolide from stigmasterol via a selenosulfonation approach. Journal of Organic Chemistry 56: 454-457**

Bellincampi D, Morpurgo G. 1991. Stimulation of growth induced by brassinosteroid and conditioning factors in plant cell cultures. ACS Symposium Series 474: 189-199

Burkhanova EA, Fedina AB, Danilova NV, Kaplan IB, Talyanskii ME, et al. 1991. Effects of homobrassinolide, human interferon, and (2'-5')-oligoadenylates on protein synthesis in wheat leaves. Biochemistry, Moscow, 56: 855-864

Clouse SD, Zurek D. 1991. Molecular analysis of brassinolide action in plant growth and development. ACS Symposium Series 474: 122-140

Cutler HG. 1991. Brassinosteroids through the looking-glass - an appraisal. ACS Symposium Series 474: 334-345

H. G. Cutler, T. Yokota & G. Adam, Brassinosteroids - chemistry, bioactivity and applications, (ACS Symposium Series 474), American Chemical Society, Washington, 1991, 358pp. (SEE CONTENTS)

Dahse I, Petzold U, Willmer CM, Grimm E. 1991. Brassinosteroid induced changes of plasmalemma energization and transport and of assimilate uptake by plant tissues. ACS Symposium Series 474: 167-175

Fujii S, Hirai K, Saka H. 1991. Growth regulating action of brassinolide in rice plants. ACS Symposium Series 474: 306-311

He RY, Wang GJ, Wang XS. 1991. Effects of brassinolide on growth and chilling resistance of maize seedlings. ACS Symposium Series 474: 220-230

Hirai K, Fujii S, Honjo K. 1991. Plant growth regulating action of brassinolide. 1. The effect of brassinolide on the ripening of rice plants under the low temperature condition. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 60: 29-35

Honda T, Hayakawa T, Kondoh H, Okuyama A, Tsubuki M. 1991. Chelation control in the aldol reaction of tetronic acid - application to the synthesis of pentoses, arabitol and ribitol. Chemistry Letters 1861-1864

Ikekawa N, Zhao YJ. 1991. Application of 24-epibrassinolide in agriculture. ACS Symposium Series 474: 280-291

Iwasaki T, Shibaoka H. 1991. Brassinosteroids act as regulators of tracheary element differentiation in isolated Zinnia mesophyll cells. Plant and Cell Physiology 32: 1007-1014

Kamuro Y, Takatsuto S. 1991. Capability for and problems of practical uses of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 292-297

Kamuro Y, Inada K. 1991. The effect of brassinolide on the light-induced growth inhibition in mung bean epicotyl. Plant Growth Regulation 10: 37-43

Katsumi M. 1991. Physiological modes of brassinolide action in cucumber hypocotyl growth. ACS Symposium Series 474: 246-254

Kazakova VN, Karsunkina NP, Sukhova LS. 1991. Effect of brassinolide and fusicoccin on potato productivity and tuber resistance to fungal diseases under storage. Izvestiya Timiryazevskoi Sel'skokhozyaistvennoi Akademii 82-88

Khripach VA, Zhabinskii VN, Litvinovskaya RP. 1991. Synthesis and some practical aspects of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 43-55

Khripach VA, Litvinovskaya RP, Baranovskii AV, Akhrem AA. 1991. A new approach to the synthesis of brassinolide. Doklady Akademii Nauk Sssr 318: 597-600

Kim SK. 1991. Natural occurrences of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 26-35

Kohout L, Strnad M, Kaminek M. 1991. Types of brassinosteroids and their bioassays. ACS Symposium Series 474: 56-73

Kovganko NV. 1991. Brassinosteroids in the vegetable kingdom. Chemistry of Natural Compounds (English Translation) 27: 135-147

Kovganko NV. 1991. Brassinosteroids in plant world. Khimiya Prirodnykh Soedinenii: 159-73

Kovganko NV, Kashkan ZN. 1991. Synthesis of the analogs of brassinosteroids based on b-sitosterol. Journal of Organic Chemistry of USSR 2205-2211

Kovganko NV, Kashkan ZN. 1991. Synthesis of 3b,4b-dihydroxy-6-ketosteroids from b-sitosterol. Zhurnal Organicheskoi Khimii 27: 1896-1900

Kovganko NV, Netesova TN. 1991. New synthesis of 2b,3b-dihydroxy-B-homo-7-oxa-5a-cholestan-6-one. Zhurnal Organicheskoi Khimii 27: 100-102

Kovganko NV, Ananich SK. 1991. Synthesis of 5a-hydroxy analogs of brassinosteroids from D5-sterols. Zhurnal Organicheskoi Khimii 27: 103-108

Kulaeva ON, Burkhanova EA, Fedina AB, Khokhlova VA, Bokebayeva GA, Vorbrodt HM, Adam G. 1991. Effect of brassinosteroids on protein synthesis and plant cell ultrastructure under stress conditions. ACS Symposium Series 474: 141-155

Kuraishi S, Sakurai N, Eun JS, Sugiyama K. 1991. Effect of brassinolide on levels of indoleacetic acid and abscisic acid in squash hypocotyls - possible application for preventing fruit abortion. ACS Symposium Series 474: 312-319

Lakhvich FA, Khripach VA, Zhabinskii VN. 1991. Synthesis of brassinosteroids, new class of plant hormones. Uspekhi Khimii 60: 1283-1317

Mandava NB. 1991. Brassinosteroids – United States Department of Agriculture contributions and Environmental Protection Agency registration requirements. ACS Symposium Series 474: 320-332

McMorris TC, Donaubauer JR, Silveira MH, Molinski TF. 1991. Synthesis of brassinolide. ACS Symposium Series 474: 36-42

Pan Z. 1991. Advances of studies on a new type of plant growth substance – BRS. Chinese Bulletin of Botany 8: 38-40 [Chinese]

Richter K, Adam G. 1991. Neurodepressing effect of brassinosteroids in the cockroach Periplaneta americana. Naturwissenschaften 78: 138-139

Richter K, Koolman J. 1991. Antiecdysteroid effects of brassinosteroids in insects. ACS Symposium Series 474: 265-278

Roddick JG, Guan M. 1991. Brassinosteroids and root development. ACS Symposium Series 474: 231-245

Sakurai A, Fujioka S, Saimoto H. 1991. Production of brassinosteroids in plant cell cultures. ACS Symposium Series 474: 97-106

Sasse JM. 1991. The case for brassinosteroids as endogenous plant hormones. ACS Symposium Series 474: 158-166

Sasse JM. 1991. Brassinolide induced elongation. ACS Symposium Series 474: 255-264

Schilling G, Schiller C, Otto S. 1991. Influence of brassinosteroids on organ relations and enzyme activities of sugar beet plants. ACS Symposium Series 474: 208-219

Schlagnhaufer CD, Arteca RN, Phillips AT. 1991. Induction of anti-brassinosteroid antibodies. Journal of Plant Physiology 138: 404-410

Schlagnhaufer CD, Arteca RN. 1991. The uptake and metabolism of brassinosteroid by tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plants. Journal of Plant Physiology 138: 191-194

Schliemann W. 1991. Concept of reversible conjugation for phytohormones. Naturwissenschaften 78: 392-401

Schmidt J, Yokota T, Adam G, Takahashi N. 1991. Castasterone and brassinolide in Raphanus sativus seeds. Phytochemistry 30: 364-365

Steffens GL. 1991. United States Department of Agriculture Brassins project - 1970-1980. ACS Symposium Series 474: 2-17

Sugiyama K, Lu JL, Chen XL. 1991. Effect of brassinolide on fruit set and endogenous IAA of Morita naval orange. In Proceedings of the International Citrus Symposium, pp. 466-469

Sun LQ, Zhou WS, Pan XF. 1991. Studies on steroidal plant growth regulators. 22. Osmium tetroxide catalyzed asymmetric dihydroxylation of the (22E,24R)-alkyl and the (22E,24S)-alkyl 24-alkyl steroidal unsaturated side chain. Tetrahedron Asymmetry 2: 973-976

Takatsuto S. 1991. Microanalysis of naturally occurring brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 107-120

Takahashi K. 1991. Factors inducing the formation of additional vascular bundles in rice coleoptiles. Japanese Journal of Crop Science 60: 264-270**

Takeuchi Y, Worsham AD, Awad AE. 1991. Effects of brassinolide on conditioning and germination of witchweed (Striga asiatica) seeds. ACS Symposium Series 474: 298-305

Upadhyaya A, Davis TD, Sankhla N. 1991. Epibrassinolide does not enhance heat-shock tolerance and antioxidant activity in moth bean. Hortscience 26: 1065-1067

Vorbrodt HM, Adam G, Porzel A, Horhold C, Danhardt S, Bohme KH. 1991. Microbial degradation of 2a,3a-dihydroxy-5a-cholestan-6-one by Mycobacterium vaccae. Steroids 56: 586-588

Yokota T, Ogino Y, Suzuki H, Takahashi N, Saimoto H, Fujioka S, Sakurai A. 1991. Metabolism and biosynthesis of brassinosteroids. ACS Symposium Series 474: 86-96

Yokota T, Nakamura Y, Takahashi N, Nonaka M, Sekimoto H, Oshio H ,Takatsuto S. 1991. Inconsistency between growth and endogenous levels of gibberellins, brassinosteroids, and sterols in Pisum sativum treated with uniconazole antipodes. In Gibberellins, pp. 339-349

Wang Y, Luo WH, Zhao YJ. 1991. Effects of epibrassinolide on leaf unrolling in etiolated wheat seedlings. Acta Phytophysiologica Sinica 17: 307-312

Zhou WS, Shen ZW. 1991. Study on the synthesis of brassinolide and related compounds: Part 15. Formal synthesis of brassinolide via stereoselective sulfenate-sulfoxide transformation. Chinese Chemical Letters 2: 111-114

Zhou WS, Shen ZW. 1991. Study on the synthesis of brassinolide and related compounds. 15. Formal synthesis of brassinolide via stereoselective sulfenate sulfoxide transformation. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 1, 2827-2830**

Zhou WS, Huang LF, Sun LQ, Pan XF. 1991. Studies on steroidal plant growth regulator. 21. A stereoselective construction of brassinosteroid side chain - a new practical synthesis of brassinolide and its analogs. Tetrahedron Letters 32: 6745-6748

Zhou WS, Wang ZQ. 1991. Synthesis of bioactive steroids starting from hyodeoxycholic acid. Chinese Journal of Pharmacy 22: 30-36

Zhu JL, Zhou WS. 1991. Studies on steroidal plant growth regulators. 17. A new synthesis of homobrassinolide and (22S,23S)-22,23-epi-homobrassinolide. Science in China Series B, Chemistry Life Sciences & Earth Sciences, 34: 706-711









(Revised November 2011)